Periorbital dark circles are a result of the thin layer of skin below your eyes showing the blood vessels and the blood. periorbital dark circles are caused by tiredness or working too hard or even just staying up late. periorbital dark circles can make you appear older than you are. They can also be difficult to get rid of.
As we age, our skin loses its elasticity and ability to regenerate and as a result, it becomes thinner. This is why elderly people will likely have periorbital dark circles regardless of how much they sleep than young people do.
Sometimes the blood vessels around your eyes can get damaged causing oxidization of blood leaking from the periorbital blood vessels, blood leaks out, and you’re left with puffy dark circles under your eyes. It’s a relatively harmless problem and even the chronic sufferers of this sort of blood leaking need not worry too much about it. It is also technically reversible with the right treatment, though changes in lifestyle are often recommended before one should consider opting for surgery.
Periorbital puffiness is caused by fluid buildup below the eyes In young folk, it is either due to illness, allergies or excessive salt consumption which can result in the body retaining more fluid than usual. This increases pressure on the skin and blood vessels around the eyes forcing the blood vessels closer to the surface of the skin, making dark circles appear more prominent.
periorbital dark circles can occur due to old age.
Causes of dark circle under the eye (periorbital dark circles )
Allergic reactions and eye dryness can trigger dark circles. When you have an allergic reaction, your body releases histamines as a response to harmful bacteria. Other than causing uncomfortable symptoms — including itchiness, redness, and puffy eyes — histamines also cause your blood vessels to dilate and become more visible beneath your skin.
Dehydration is a common cause of dark circles under your eyes. When your body is not receiving the proper amount of water, the skin beneath your eyes begins to look dull and your eyes look sunken.
Overexposure to the sun can cause your body to produce an excess of melanin, the pigment that provides your skin with color causing your skin to darken.
Home treatments of dark circles under the eye(Periorbital dark circles)
Apply a cold compress.
A cold compress can help reduce swelling and shrink dilated blood vessels. This can reduce the appearance of puffiness and help eliminate dark circles. Wrap a few ice cubes in a clean washcloth and apply it to your eyes for 20 minutes. Repeat this process if the cloth becomes warm or if the ice melts.
Elevate your head.
While sleep deprivation can play a part in producing those dark bags under your eyes, sometimes it’s how you sleep. Elevate your head with a few pillows to prevent fluid from pooling under your eyes which can make them look puffy and swollen.
Soak with green tea bags.
Green Tea contains caffeine and antioxidants that can help stimulate blood circulation, shrink your blood vessels, and reduce liquid retention beneath your skin. Soak two green tea bags in hot water for five minutes. Let them chill in the refrigerator for 15 to 20 minutes. Once they’re cold, apply the tea bags to your closed eyes for 10 to 20 minutes. After removing, rinse your eyes with cool water.
Cold cucumber slices
Cucumber slices have long been used to reduce puffiness and refresh the appearance of skin around the eyes. Lie down, preferably in the morning, take two slices of refrigerated cucumbers over your eyes for about 10 to15 minutes. (you can refrigerate them overnight)
Crush up a few mint leaves and apply to your eyes for about 5 minutes and then remove, rinsing your eyes with cool water. Applying mint leaves to the eye area causes a tingling sensation, which increases blood flow to the area and can help dark circles fade away.
Aloe vera with honey
The anti-bacterial property of honey helps in wound healing. It is a good de-tan agent and improves overall complexion. Aloe vera mixed with honey can work wonders for dark circles and make them fade away with regular use. take Honey 1 teaspoon and Aloe vera gel 1 teaspoon, to get the gel cut Aloe vera into pieces and squeeze the gel out, Mix honey and aloe vera gel well to form a smooth paste in a bowl, clean your face and apply this liquid around your eyes including the eyelids. Make a few gentle strokes and massage around the eyes to soothe and relax. Let the pack remain for 15 minutes and then wash it off thoroughly. use this pack every night before you go to bed it should give you the best results after seven days.
Lemon is a well known natural bleaching agent for your skin, lemon juice whitens the complexion, bleaches facial hair, reduces uneven pigmentation, dark circles, blemishes, and freckles. to make the paste add a few drops of freshly squeezed lemon juice to one teaspoon of oil and mix well. Then, apply it under your eyes and keep it on overnight. Repeat every night for better results.
Tomato and potato
Potatoes help to lighten the skin tone and make it bright. Blend the potato and mash the tomatoes. Mix them well and make a paste. Apply the paste to your dark circles. Rinse it off after half an hour.
Best products to remove dark circle under the eyes
use a cream that is enriched with vitamins B3, C, and E that brighten and even out your skin tone. also, choose a cream that contains hyaluronic acid that promotes a consistent balance of moisture in the delicate under-eye skin area. that helps reduce puffy eyes and dark circles.
Pick the right concealer
Conceal with makeup. While makeup and cosmetics do not cure dark eye circles, they can help to camouflage them. Concealers can cover dark marks so they blend in with your normal skin color.
Once you’ve applied your foundation, dab tiny dots of concealer under your eyes, going from your nose to the outer corners of your eyes. Use a thick concealer that’s one shade lighter than your skin tone so it covers up your dark circles. Finally, blend the concealer and set it with a powder.
Clear out your sinuses with a neti pot
Some people swear that using a neti pot can help remove your under-eye bags and dark circles. A neti pot is a device you fill with a saltwater (normal saline) solution. You place the spout in your nose and irrigate your sinuses, removing mucus and other debris.
- Fill your neti pot with a saltwater solution — 1/2 teaspoon of salt into 1 cup of water. Heat the water to dissolve, then cool to body temperature before use. Warm or lukewarm is best for comfort.
- Tilt your head sideways over the sink. Place the spout of the pot in the upper nostril, the one now closer to the ceiling.
- Breathe through your mouth as you gently pour the solution into the nostril. The solution should drain through the other nostril.
- Repeat this process with your head tilted the other way.
- Rinse your pot after use with filtered, distilled, or otherwise sterile water.
- Let the pot air dry before storing it.
Add retinol cream to your routine
You may have used creams in the past, but concentrating on specific ingredients is key. Retinol creams have been used for a variety of skin issues, including acne
This ingredient is related to vitamin A and it comes in cream, gel, or liquid form
Wear sunscreen every day
Whether you have a habit of rubbing your eyes or not, the skin underneath your eyes gets darker with age. To avoid the area from getting darker, pat on sunscreen gently under the eyes every day. The sun can darken the skin pigments around your eye area, making dark circles worse.
You can also consider the following.
- laser surgery to resurface the skin and enhance skin tightening
- Medical tattoos to inject pigment into thinning skin areas
- Tissue fillers to conceal blood vessels and melanin that are causing skin discoloration beneath your eyes.
- Fat removal to remove excess fat and skin, revealing a smoother and more even surface
- Surgical implants of fat or synthetic products
Before you think about this kindly get advice from your doctor, it can be painful and uncomfortable with health risks.